Vitamin B12 is one of the most important vitamins in the body and is a part of vital functions. These functions are:
- Blood- Vitamin B12 is a part of production of healthy red blood cells. This makes it important for the function of carrying oxygen in the body and for delaying fatigue.
- Growth and development- Vitamin B12 is important for the growth and development of the body. Its deficiency can affect muscle tone, skeletal system and hair growth.
- Detoxifies- having the required amount of Vitamin B12 in the body ensures that there is no excess accumulation of toxins in the body. It is also believed to protect the body against harmful effects of allergens.
- Nervous system- Vitamin B12 ensures that there is optimal nerve response. A deficiency can delay this response.
- Macronutrients- Vitamin B12 helps in digestion and absorption of micro-nutrients, which ensures that the person enjoys optimal health.
- Prevents cancer- Studies have shown that people who ensure a healthy diet of vitamin B12 are at a lesser risk of suffering from cancer than people who don’t.
Deficiency of Vitamin B12 can lead to various complications and discomfort.
Some of them are listed below.
- Breathing- Since there is less of Vitamin B12, the number of red blood cells also decreases. This leads to deficiency of oxygen in the body and the person tends to breathe hard and fast. This leads to shortness of breath.
- Pernicious Anemia- Decreased amount of Vitamin B12 can lead to anemia, especially in women. Due to this, women may suffer from shortness of breath, fatigue and dizziness.
- Heart- Deficiency can lead to heart palpitations and severe chest pain.
- G.I.T- Deficiency of this vitamin can also affect the gastrointestinal tract and may even cause abnormal swelling of the liver. This can also cause nausea, vomiting, heartburn, abdominal bloating, upset stomach that oscillates between constipation and diarrhea and flatulence. All theses can also cause a sudden decrease in weight.